This paper has been developed by the Strathcona Business Improvement Association, the Ray-Cam Cooperative Community Centre, and the Inner City Safety Society. The contents are based on earlier work undertaken by the Vancouver Board of Tradeā€Ÿs Downtown Eastside Task Force, supported by further extensive research and literature search, including local documents. Key research, writing and editing support was provided by Judy McGuire. We would like to thank Dave Park, Economist Emeritus of the Vancouver Board of Trade, for his very valuable input and support.